Target Archery consists of archers shooting at circular targets that are set at varied marked distances. The field is always level. Competitions may be held indoors or outdoors. Target archery events are called rounds. These rounds consist of a number of ends at various distances. Each archer will shoot a number of arrows to obtain a total score. Usually, three or six arrows are shot at each end and there are a specific number of ends for each distance. There can be up to 4 distances shot for a round. A round may also use different target face sizes at various distances. Target distances range from 18 to 25 meters for an indoor competition, or 30 to 90 meters for an outdoor competition. In the Olympics, the standard distance is 70 meters. Archers may use a longbow, Recurve, or a compound bow. A Recurve bow is the only type of bow allowed in the Olympics. This type of archery is associated with specific targets and rules set by the World Archery Federation. The Grand National Archery Society is the governing body for UK archery.
Field Archery consists of shooting targets from different distances, often unmarked targets in woodland or rough terrain. Archers must three shoot arrows before moving on to the next target. Field archery consists of two main types of shooting; free style and bare-bow which consists of two rounds (hunters round & field round).
3D Archery consists of 3D targets that have sub targets within them. Targets are often animal shaped life-size targets. 3D Archery can be set in the woods, a field or an indoor range. The yardage can be marked or unmarked.
In Clout Archery the target is large, on the ground, and marked by a flagpole. Archers shoot long range 180 yards for men, 140 yards for women, various distances for juniors. The score is determined on the proximity to the flag.
Crossbow Archery is divided into two types (match which is traditional on a purpose built range and field which is archery styles and takes place outside).
Flight archery, where there is no fixed target and the aim is to shoot for the furthest distance. To maintain a fair competition, competitors are divided into bow class and weight. Archers shoot six arrows at each “end.” Only four ends are common in one shoot (as per UK rules, and only one end is allowed in the US).
Ski Archery is also known as ski-arc. This type of competition combines archery with cross-country skiing. It is performed much like the Olympic biathlon. Archers carry their bow on a special backpack during the skiing portion of the competition. The course is 12 kilometers long for men and 8 kilometers for women. One end of four arrows is shot every 4 kilometers, and, in one of those ends, the archer shoots from a kneeling position. Targets are 16 centimeters in diameter and are positioned 18 meters from the shooter. Each shot is either a hit or a miss. For every target missed, the archer must ski a 350-meter penalty circuit before leaving the target site. The first athlete to complete the course is the winner.
World Archery Federation
National Field Archery Association
Archery Shooters Association
International Field Archery Association
A northern French and Belgian archery contest. Archers shoot alternately at two targets facing each other. Targets are typically 50 meters away. A perpendicular array of wooden walls secures a path parallel to the shooting range. After each round, the archers take their own arrow and shoot directly in the opposite direction (thus having opposite windage). One always shoots the same arrow, supposedly the best built, as it was difficult in medieval times to have constant arrow quality. The round black and white target mimics the average size of a soldier. The diameter of the target is shoulder-wide with the center being heart-sized.
Popinjay (or Papingo)
This version of the sport uses a mast that measures 30 yards. Wooden birds are placed on the mast. The objective is to displace the birds. The birds have different point values. The highest bird is the cock which is worth five points. The hen bird is worth three points and the chicks are one point each.
Roving Marks is the oldest form of competitive archery. It was practiced by Henry VIII. Archers shoot to a “mark,” then shoot from that mark to another. A mark is a post or flag in which the archer aims at. A rope or ribbon is used to score the arrows.
A traditional English archery contest. Archers take turns shooting at a vertical strip of wood (known as the wand). The strip is about six feet high and three to six inches wide. Points are awarded for hitting the strip. The target is a long vertical strip and no points are awarded for near misses.